iron ore sinter making

Influence of sinter basicity (CaO/SiO2) on low and high ...

Iron ore sinter, constituting a major proportion of blast furnace burden, significantly impacts the blast furnace performance. The chemical composition of iron ore fines, particularly alumina, sinter basicity and sinter MgO together with the thermal conditions that sinter blends are subjected to play an important role in the formation of mineral phases in sinter.

Sinter Plant - Perantech

Perantech in Nürnberg. Your Partner in Metal Industries Tel: +49 911 25508710 Email: [email protected]

Modeling Sintering Process of Iron Ore

Modeling Sintering Process of Iron Ore 25 Fig. 2. Thermal cycle of the materials in the sinter strand. Several attempts have been done to predict the final properties of the sinter product (Water et al. 1989, Kasai et al. 1989, 1991). The most important parameters are reducibility,


CHAPTER-11 FUNDAMENTALS OF IRON ORE SINTERING R. P. Bhagat INTRODUCTION The process of sinter making originated from a need to make use of fines generated in mines and in ore benefiCiation plants. With the development of sintering technology, a sintering plant has become a tremendous success for providing a phenomenal increase in

(PDF) Effect of coke size on iron ore sintering

The selective granulation process is a new sintering process for high alumina iron ore fines, and can eliminate the adverse effects of 'hard to sinter' or 'unsuitable – for ironmaking' ores.

What is the difference between pellets and sinter? - Quora

What is Pelletization? The process of Pelletization helps converting Iron Ore Fines into "Uniform Size Iron Ore Pellets" that can be fed in the blast furnaces or in the DRI kiln (DRI). Why Pelletization? Pelletization is the only answer to a major...

Iron Ore Sinter – IspatGuru

Jul 15, 2014· The iron content is dependent almost entirely upon the iron ores fines which are available for the sinter making. Silica alumina ratio in the sinter is to be less than 0.5. The lower it is better. The ratio between CaO and SiO2 determines the sinter basicity.

Iron ore mining and dressing - tec-science

Regions in which iron ore has formed over millions of years (e.g. through volcanism) and can be mined economically are also referred to as iron ore deposits. Especially many ore deposits can be found in countries such as China, Australia, Brazil, India and Russia. These countries account for around 85 % of the total global iron ore mining volume.

What Is Iron Ore Sintering? (with pictures)

Apr 02, 2020· Iron ore sintering is a type of powder metallurgy used to pre-treat iron before using it in manufacturing applications. Sintering involves heating iron powder to partially, but not completely, melt the iron particles. The exact process used and additional elements involved vary, with some methods using gas or electricity in addition to heat.

Sintering: A Step Between Mining Iron Ore and Steelmaking

World resources are estimated to be greater than 800 billion tons of crude ore containing more than 230 billion tons of iron. The only source of primary iron is iron ore, but before all that iron ore can be turned into steel, it must go through the sintering process. Sinter is the primary feed material for making iron and steel in a blast furnace.

Ore Sintering - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Apr 02, 2010· Like other sintering processes, iron ore sintering converts iron ore fines of often − 8 mm sizing into larger agglomerates, namely, sinter, between 5 and 50 mm particle size, which possess the physical and metallurgical characteristics and gas permeability required for efficient blast furnace operation. As shown in Figure 14.1, iron ore sintering is carried out in three stages: raw material ...

Iron Ore Sintering Process in Steel Manufacturing - US

Sinter is the primary feed material for making iron in a blast furnace. Sinter is created by mixing iron ore concentrate with several additives such as limestone and silica to control the chemistry and then igniting it at 1200°C in a continuous belt-fed furnace.

The Making of Iron & Steel - SEAISI

Sinter is better suited to this practice than pellets. Iron Ore Agglomeration Ø Sinter Process The sinter process was introduced around 1910 to treat flue dust extracted from blast furnace exhaust gases. It was quickly adapted to agglomerate fine ore and its use spread rapidly. At the sinter plant, pre-blended fine ore is mixed with:

Iron-ore SInterIng ProceSS oPtImIzatIon

produced iron ore sinter. One of the possibilities to increase iron content in sinter is the modification of raw materials ratio, when iron ore materials are added into sintering mixture. If the ratio is in favor of iron ore sinter, iron content in resulting sintering mixture will be lower.


A mathematical model of the iron ore sintering process in a fixed sinter bed and optimisation of the process parameters using real valued genetic algorithm is described.

(PDF) Iron ore sintering. Part 1. Theory and practice of ...

Sintering is a process by which a mixture of iron ores, fl uxes and coke is agglomerated in a sinter plant to manufacture a sinter product of a suitable composition, quality and granulometry to be ...

Sinter plant - Wikipedia

Mar 09, 2013· The process of sintering is basically a pre-treatment process step during iron making for the production of the charge material called sinter for the blast furnace from iron ore fines and also from metallurgical wastes (collected dusts, sludge and mill scale etc.).

How iron is made - material, manufacture, making, history ...

The raw materials used to produce pig iron in a blast furnace are iron ore, coke, sinter, and limestone. Iron ores are mainly iron oxides and include magnetite, hematite, limonite, and many other rocks. The iron content of these ores ranges from 70% down to 20% or less. Coke is a substance made by heating coal until it becomes almost pure carbon.

Iron Ore Sinter - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Iron ore sinter typically constitutes more than 60% of the blast furnace ferrous burden in modern blast furnaces in East Asia. Granulation and thermal densification are two important steps in iron ore sintering and determine the quality of the resultant sinter and the performance of the sintering process. Iron ore is typically characterized ...


Although FeO in sinter ores is one of the major constituents in making iron and steel, there have been little attempts for the prediction of FeO content in sinter ores using XRD, which has several advantages over conventional analysis methods. The composition of iron ore sinter according to Patrick & Lovel [2] and Van den Berg

Characterisation of the Physical and Metallurgical ...

The blast furnace is still the dominant form of iron production, but over the years, direct reduction methods have increased due to a number of reasons. Overall, iron production methods have optimal requirements with respect to the feed materials especially iron ore. In this study, tests were carried out on Muko iron ore from Uganda to analyse its suitability to meet the feed requirements of ...

Iron Ore | ScienceDirect

Waste gases from iron ore fine preparations for blast furnace ironmaking, or sintering, contain minute quantities of acidic species, dust, and dioxin pollutants, but because of the very large quantities of iron ore processed and the large volume throughput of air involved, sintering is a major source of these emissions and also CO 2 into the ...

Iron Ore to Sintering to Steelmaking - Analyzing Metals

But before all that iron ore can be turned into steel, it must go through the sintering process. Sinter is the primary feed material for making iron and steel in a blast furnace. We recently wrote about sintering in our sister blog, Advancing Mining. Read the article to learn more about how sinter quality begins with the mined iron ore and the ...

Why fines and lumps make a difference | Adelaide Now

Sinter production is done by mixing the fine iron ore with a binder (clay) and sometimes a flux (limestone), then heating it to about 1200 degrees celsius to produce a hard biscuit or pellet ...

Iron ore pelletizing systems -

Iron ore pelletizing systems. Iron ore fines are agglomerated into pellets and then indurated using a furnace to create iron ore pellets. These are typically fed to a blast furnace or DRI plant as part of the process to make steel. is supplier of both Straight Grate and Grate Kiln pellet plants.

(PDF) Iron Ore Sintering: Process - ResearchGate

Sintering is a thermal agglomeration process that is applied to a mixture of iron ore fines, recycled ironmaking products, fluxes, slag-forming agents and solid fuel (coke).

Iron processing | Britannica

Iron processing, use of a smelting process to turn the ore into a form from which products can be fashioned.Included in this article also is a discussion of the mining of iron and of its preparation for smelting. Iron (Fe) is a relatively dense metal with a silvery white appearance and distinctive magnetic properties. It constitutes 5 percent by weight of the Earth's crust, and it is the ...

Sintering - Wikipedia

Sintering or frittage is the process of compacting and forming a solid mass of material by heat or pressure without melting it to the point of liquefaction.. Sintering happens naturally in mineral deposits or as a manufacturing process used with metals, ceramics, plastics, and other materials.The atoms in the materials diffuse across the boundaries of the particles, fusing the particles ...

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